Kim Hy Nature Reserve: Enhancing the scanning and stopping illegal mineral exploitation activities in the Reserve

Implementing Decision No. 60 / QD-NN dated February 27, 2018 of the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development of Bac Kan province, approving the plan for allocating funds for management and protection of special-use forests and promulgating the Plan for organizing inspection and retrospective forces sweeping and clearing illegal hunting of minerals and forest products in Kim Hy Nature Reserve in 2018. The Kim Hy Nature Reserve Forest Protection Force has actively advised and issued the plan and plan to trace. sweeping to prevent illegal mineral exploitation in Kim Hy Nature Reserve.

(Forest belongs to Kim Hy Nature Reserve)

(Forest belongs to Kim Hy Nature Reserve)

Kim Hy Nature Reserve was established under Decision No. 1804 / QD-UB, dated September 1, 2003 of the People's Committee of Bac Kan Province, with a total area of ​​15,416 ha, in 7 communes: Kim Hy, Luong Thuong, Lang San, An Tinh, Kunming (Na Ri district) and Cao Son, Vu Muon (Bach Thong district). However, until 2013 after the re-planning according to Decree 117/2010 / ND-CP dated December 24, 2010, approved in Decision No. 123 / QD-UBND dated January 16, 2014 of the Northern People's Committee Kan approves the Planning of conservation and sustainable development of Kim Hy Nature Reserve, Bac Kan province in the period of 2013-2020, the total core area of ​​the current Nature Reserve is 15,715.02 ha. In addition, the unit is assigned to manage the entire buffer zone area including forests, forestry land with a total area of ​​over 13,600 ha, in 6 communes including: Kim Hy, Luong Thuong, Lang San, An Tinh and Kunming. and Cao Son.

(Forest patrol, check at Kim Hy Nature Reserve)

(Forest patrol, check at Kim Hy Nature Reserve)

Illegal gold mining in Kim Hy Nature Reserve has been going on for about 30 years, and at times, around 1,000 people have been involved in illegal mining (before the establishment of the reserve); profits from illegal mineral exploitation are huge; Many people have been exploiting gold in the reserve for a long time and consider it a job to make a living, many people are homeless, indebted, drug addicted.

(Destroying tents and objects of illegal mineral users)

(Destroying tents and objects of illegal mineral users)

Wide management area, rugged rocky terrain, many illegal gold mining sites are very far away, walking from 2 to 4 hours to arrive, the road to the exploitation site must go through Ban Vin villages, Kim Vân, Bản Kẹ. Most of the gold mining areas have mobile phones, people often install drug dealers and drug addicts outside the village ... when they see the Sweeping Team, they call inside the valley for the others. mining statues hide machinery and supplies and flee to the forest.

(The machine is placed under objects by the objects 20 - 50m deep)

(The machine is placed under objects by the objects 20 - 50m deep)

Many gold mining sites, the objects placed under the cave from 20 to 50 meters deep and used always in the cave with makeshift stick, damp, slippery cave collapse at any time. Despite knowing the danger, but in order to effectively handle it, many times the raid team ventured into the cave to destroy but only once or twice for the first time, the next time the detected subjects had a search team having poured the medicine. decay, chemicals, burning rubber to create smoke in the cave or remove ladders to get inside the cave, so the raid team cannot enter the cave to destroy.

The target group is usually people from outside Kim Hy commune who come to join local people to exploit. Destroyed many tents and machines, so now the violators operate very sophisticated such as: machines placed in deep caves, digging up paper machines first, laying traps, sending people to follow authorities, when detect if there is an interdisciplinary force, use a mobile phone to notify each other to hide machinery, vehicles and people escaping from the scene. When the force withdrew from the area, the objects continued to recover.

The life of people in the region still faces many difficulties, the rate of people suffering from social evils is still high, the level of education is uneven, awareness of forest management, protection of mineral resources of a parts are limited. Although it has been transmitted and signed many times, there are still some local people who directly participated or abetted the illegal gold mining, provided food, food, and carried machines. Rental equipment, tools.

 In order to prevent illegal mineral exploitation in Kim Hy Nature Reserve, the Reserve Forest Protection Force has actively participated in rain for leaders of Forest Protection Department, District Party Committee and Na Ri District People's Committee. to promulgate plans and plans to pursue and consolidate district interdisciplinary blocking groups.

(Ranger force cooperates with local authorities, police to patrol and inspect forests in Kim Hy Nature Reserve)

(Ranger force cooperates with local authorities, police to patrol and inspect forests in Kim Hy Nature Reserve)

 The forest rangers have cooperated with the local authorities to announce the plan of sweeping and blocking to the villages, petrol and oil shops, local people and people who are exploiting. gold in, around the Reserve knows to automatically withdraw from the Reserve. The People's Committee of Kim Hy commune, in collaboration with the Inter-sectoral key group, organized petrol and oil shops to sign a commitment not to trade petrol and oil for illegal gold mining.

(Destroying machinery of illegal gold miners)

(Destroying machinery of illegal gold miners)

In parallel with the blocking of patrol, inspection and scanning of inter-sectoral key groups in collaboration with Kim Hy commune, hold a traditional meeting to thoroughly grasp Directive 08-CT / TU, Directive 13 of the Secretariat and Directive 13 of the Provincial Standing Committee and other relevant documents, the plan 146 / KH-UBND dated October 30, 2017 of Na Ri District People's Committee continues to implement Directive 08-CT / TU dated 02 / 7/2012 and Conclusion No. 10-KL / TU of July 28, 2017 of the Standing Committee of Bac Kan Provincial Party Committee on preventing and handling illegal illegal exploitation, transportation and processing of forest and mineral products destroying the environment in Na Ri district. Results from 2017 up to now have organized propaganda in the village in 7 communes of the nature reserve with 205 meetings with 7,973 participants, signed 56 forest protection commitments with 5698 non-participating households. illegal exploitation of forest products and minerals. Kim Hy commune alone propagated 59 village meetings for 2,217 listeners. In addition, the staff of the nature reserve collaborated with the commune authorities and the head of Kim Van village to help 8 households in the Khau doong area not to assist in transporting machinery, tools and food for violators.

Result of preventing and handling illegal mineral exploitation activities

 In 2016, there were 49 sweeps organized in 13 locations where illegal gold mining activities destroyed 9 permanent camps and 94 temporary shacks; 146 machines of all kinds (53 explosive machines); 360 liters of petrol and oil; cut off 3,840 m of water hose;

In 2017, 62 organizations were scanned in 18 locations with illegal gold mining activities; 53 temporary sheds were destroyed; 125 types of machines (54 blasting machines); 145 liters of petrol and oil; cut off 4,955 m of water supply hose.

From the beginning of the year to July 15, 2018, 29 organized sweeps at 9 locations with illegal gold mining operations destroyed 8 shacks; 33 machines of all kinds (13 generators); 20 liters of petrol and oil; cut off 1,150 m of water supply hose.

(Destruction of water pipes of illegal gold miners)

(Destruction of water pipes of illegal gold miners)

Thus, the situation of illegal gold mining in recent years has greatly decreased in terms of location, scale and number of machines brought into the reserve to serve illegal gold mining, especially in the first 7 months of 2018. Only 10 valleys have illegal gold mining activities, many previously had mining activities with large numbers of people, such as Toc Lu, Lung Quang, Lung Mon, Xay Hang, Lung Phung, Lung Phay ... Nowadays, many Lungs no longer have exploitation activities such as Toc Lu, Lung Mang, Lung DAO, Lung Phung, Lung Phay ... illegally gold, destroy 59 camps, 163 machines of all kinds, 4,590 m of water hoses; in 2014, mopping up 20 locations with illegal gold mining activities, destroying 231 tents, 298 machines of all kinds, 18,780 m of water hoses;

Up to now, the basic situation has been stable, did not arise into hot spots. Recently, in Luong Luong area, mining activities are relatively complicated, but with the regular attention of the higher and higher levels. authorities at all levels and the fierce involvement of the authorities, especially the determination of Kim Hy Nature Reserve's officers and soldiers, have dealt with the destruction of many machines and tools of the Illegal gold miners (destroying 13 machines of all types, including 5 blasting machines, 150 m of water pipes) until the recent inspection date on July 24, 2018, this area was only one some objects look cavernous, no machines, tents; Many areas that were previously hot spots like Toc Lu, Lung Quang, and Xay Hang are now unavailable. However, this is only an initial result, it is necessary to continue patrolling,

After many years of sweeping and clearing illegal mineral exploitation in Kim Hy natural reserve, Luong Thuong commune, Na Ri district, Vu Muon district, Bach Thong district are no longer using machines to Illegal mineral exploitation, only a few local people still do handicraft, treat trough but not often.

However, the situation of illegal mineral exploitation in the Nature Reserve is still concentrated in some points and valleys of Kim Hy commune, Na Ri district. According to the current review results in 10 valleys, there are 15 locations still illegally exploiting gold, about 17 owners with over 50 people, of which 5 shackers are residents of Kim Hy commune with 15 people, 8 owners. Shack is from Bach Thong district with 23 people and 4 owners are from Bac Kan city and Thai Nguyen has about 14 people. Currently there are about 8 possible locations where machines have been hidden in deep caves during the past time.

(Destroying the camp of illegal gold mining objects in Kim Hy Nature Reserve)

(Destroying the camp of illegal gold mining objects in Kim Hy Nature Reserve)

In order to prevent and handle illegal gold mining activities in the coming time, Kim Hy Nature Reserve is proactively coordinating with the Party committees, commune authorities, district resources and environment department, functional branches. , the contracted groups continue to propagate documents of the Party and the State on forest protection and management, management and protection of mineral resources to all people in the area to know and implement; continue to propagandize and mobilize the people and their families in Kim Hy commune without harboring, lend a hand to subjects who buy, do not hire, carry goods for owners of mineral exploitation.

The Forest Protection Force continues to coordinate with the police and military agencies to carry out a plan to track, find and destroy all machinery currently stored, tents, and tools for illegal gold mining. . Make it to the area, then definitely finish that area ... ..

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