Ba Be National Park with diverse flora and fauna of Bac Kan province

Ba Be National Park  was established in 1992 in Bac Kan province, centered on Ba Be Lake. This is a national park (NP), special-use forest as well as an attractive eco-tourism area in Vietnam.

Introduction to Ba Be National Park

On November 10, 1992, Ba Be National Park was established under Decision No. 83 / TTg of the Prime Minister. The garden has a total area of ​​7,610 ha. Include:

  • Strict protection zone covers an area of ​​3,226 ha.
  • The regenerating rehabilitation sub-area has an area of ​​4,083.4 ha.
  • The administrative service sub-area has an area of ​​301.4 hectares.
  • Surface area of ​​the lake is over 300 hectares.

According to scientific studies, Ba Be National Park is confirmed as a biodiversity site. Typical ecosystems are evergreen forests on limestone mountains, mountain lakes and lowland evergreen forests.

Ba Be National Park with diverse flora and fauna of Bac Kan province

Where is Ba Be National Park?

  • Ba Be National Park is located in the area of ​​5 communes Khang Ninh, Quang Khe, Cao Thuong, Cao Tri and Nam Mau, Ba Be and Bac Kan districts.
  • It is located at 105 ° 36′55 ″ longitude and 22 ° 24′19 ″ north latitude, 150 - 1,098m above sea level. The southwest has the Phia Booc mountain range and has a high point of 1,505 - 1,527m.
  • 50km from Bac Kan city, 250km from Hanoi to the North.

Ecosystem of Ba Be National Park

There are diverse and rich ecosystems. Inside:


Ba Be National Park has 1281 species of plants belonging to 162 families and 672 genera. Of which, there are 600 species of woody plants, belonging to 300 genera and 114 families. Many rare and high economic plants are listed in the Red Book of Vietnam and the World.

Many valuable and rare timber trees, of high economic value, are often illegally exploited. For example, Truc wire, Dinh, Nghien, Lim, etc. Typically, this is an endemic species of tree in Ba Be National Park. Truc wire usually grows on the cliffs, the body drops the blinds into the lake to form the curtain around the lake to create a beautiful landscape.

Ba Be National Park is considered to be the most diverse, endemic center for orchids in our country and Southeast Asia. In the park there are 182 different orchid species, some of which are endemic to species found only here.

Ba Be National Park with diverse flora and fauna of Bac Kan province


The fauna of Ba Be National Park is also quite diverse and plentiful. Include:

  • 81 species of mammals, 22 species listed in Vietnam Red Book.
  • 322 species of birds, belonging to 17 orders, 47 families and 7 of which are listed in Vietnam's Red Book.
  • 27 reptiles
  • 106 species of fish, identified as the most abundant and diverse species in our country.
  • 17 species of amphibians.
  • 553 insects and spiders

In Ba Be National Park, there are a number of globally threatened species, such as the northern civet (Hemigalus owstoni) and the white-cheeked langur (Trachypithecus francoisi). However, the number of individuals of the white-cheeked langur is very small.

Some rare and precious animals discovered in this park such as leopards, fire leopards, horse bears.

The endemic species of the Ba Be area is the black-langur (Presbytis francoisi) and the civet (Hemigalus owstoni).

Currently, Tonkin snub-nosed langurs (Ca doi) are no longer present in Ba Be National Park but only a group in Na Hang Nature Reserve near Ba Be.

Current environmental issues of Ba Be National Park

The environment here is being seriously damaged by the mining (iron mine) in the basin of Ba Be Lake. According to the survey, Pé Lèng lake belonging to Ba Be National Park has lost up to 1/3 of its area. The reason is due to stagnant accretion. In the future, if this situation does not change, Ba Be Lake may be filled.

Traveling to Ba Be National Park

This is an ecotourism site that attracts visitors thanks to its biodiversity and interesting natural landscapes. Ba Be is a natural heritage of ASEAN that was recognized in 2004. Prior to being recognized, Ba Be National Park was recognized as a Ba Be Lake forbidden forest and a national historical and scenic area. ta.

The center of the national park is Ba Be Lake. This is considered the green pearl of the great thousands and is an attractive eco-tourist destination in early spring and summer.

Traveling Ba Be Lake

Ba Be Lake is over 8km long, about 800m wide, with the widest place up to 3km, with a depth of 20 - 30m. In the middle of the lake slightly waist. Ba Be has 2 small islands connecting to the middle of the lake. An island called An Ma because it looks like a bridle horse is wading.

Ba Be National Park with diverse flora and fauna of Bac Kan province

The lake is located at an altitude of 145m above sea level. This is a natural mountain lake which is extremely important in our country. The surface of the lake is about 500ha, surrounded by countless rocky mountains with many caves, underground streams. Looking at the whole lake as a picture of ink and water, the breathtaking scenery captivates many visitors.

Visitors to Ba Be Lake will be strolled around the lake by a canoe typical of indigenous people. Or you can travel by motorboat to Nang River to visit many of the natural beauty of the place. In the evening, visitors can sleep at the nung, Tay people's houses or near the lake.

Dau Dang Waterfall

Dau Dang Waterfall is also one of the attractions in Ba Be National Park. 16km from Cho Ra, Ba Be and Bac Kan towns; located on Nang River, bordering Bac Kan and Tuyen Quang provinces. The waterfall has a length of 2km, located between two limestone mountains, with a steep slope. This is where the Nang River is blocked by large and small rocks stacked with a slope of about 500m high to form a beautiful waterfall. Harmony with the majestic natural forest landscape has created an attractive and unforgettable beauty.

At Dau Dang waterfall also appears fried fish, rare fish today.

Puong Cave

Traveling to Ba Be National Park cannot miss Puong Cave. The cave is located on Nang River, Ba Be - Bac Kan, 5km from Cho Ra town.

Puong Cave is the place where Nang River flows at the foot of limestone mountain through vertical cliffs through Lung Nham Mountain. Small boats moved in the cave fluttering in the dim light, strange shapes of stalactites appeared in front of the cave door. In Puong cave, there are bats with tens of thousands of children living and living.